Welcome guest
You're not logged in.
347 users online, thereof 0 logged in

## Proof: (related to "Number of Ordered n-Tuples in a Set")

• Let $X$ be a non-empty set and let $\{a_1,a_2,\ldots,a_n\}$ be a finite set with $n\ge 1$ elements.
• A given map $f:\{a,b\}\to X$ determines uniquely an ordered n-tuple $(x_1,x_2,\ldots,x_n)$ of elements $x_i\in X$ by setting $x_i:=f(a_i)$ for $i=1,\ldots,n.$
• Vice versa, every ordered n-tuple $(x_1,\ldots,x_n)$ uniquely determines a map $f:\{a_1,\ldots,a_b\}\to X$ such that $f(a_i):=x_i$ for $i=1,\ldots,n.$
• Therefore, the number of different maps of the set $\{a_1,a_2,\ldots,a_n\}$ to the set $X$ is equipotent to the Cartesian product $$\underbrace{X\times X\times\cdots\times X}_{n\text{ times}},$$ since the latter consists exactly of the ordered n-tuples $(x_1,x_2,\ldots,x_n).$
• Now, let $X$ be finite with the cardinality $|X|=m.$
• According to the fundamental counting principle, the cardinality of the $n$-fold Cartesian product is $m^n.$
q.e.d

| | | | created: 2019-09-07 08:37:50 | modified: 2019-09-07 08:37:50 | by: bookofproofs | references: [8297]

(none)